Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums surrounding your teeth. It can also progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth.  Gum disease is caused by bacteria in plaque, the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed it will harden and turn into tartar. Dental plaque will continue to form on the tartar. Brushing or flossing cannot remove tartar; a dental professional will need to conduct a dental cleaning to remove it. Here are some common signs and symptoms:

Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Gums that easily bleed when brushing or flossing
  • Swollen, red or tender gums
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • A change in the way your teeth come together
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums
  • Sharp or dull pains when chewing foods
  • Teeth that are overly sensitive to cold or hot temperatures

The three stages of gum disease, from least to most severe,  are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Gum disease can be painless so if you suspect your child may have signs and symptoms of gum disease, seek the care of a Dentist for treatment.


Source: Colgate

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